An Iguana habitat
can be very simple; however you can choose to make it more complicated and fascinating, especially if you need to have something thrilling in your house. For your iguana, though, what is important is to take into account particular elements, such as heat, security, light and right dimensions.
The right dimensions are a key element. In fact you need to consider that the right cage is at least twice as big and long as your iguana. If you have a 5 inches lizard, you need to buy or make a cage which will be at least 10-11 inches long. Keep in mind that your pet might grow more during his first year of life, so act accordingly. It is recommended to buy a large terrarium; otherwise you might need to change it often.
As you may know already, heat is very important for your iguana habitat. Iguanas like warm environments, because they don’t have any natural ability to control temperature. Consequently, they depend exclusively to the external conditions, which means that you have to provide them with a heat source that will help them maintain a steady body temperature and keep their digestive system working.
You should, though, avoid items such as hot rocks or other direct heating objects, because they are way too warm and they do not heat the entire cage up. You need to find something with less heat localization, such as radiant heaters and specific heating lamps. Keep a couple of thermometers in the cage so as to make sure that temperature is always between 75 and 85F.
Moreover, you need to have some device that radiates UVB light in the cage; this helps the iguanas digest better and metabolize their food. Direct light is preferable, so do not choose some lamp that radiates through the glass cover. Most cages and terrariums for iguanas are of wire mesh, so as to feature UVB lamps.
An iguana habitat has to communicate security; this practically means that your iguana should not be able to escape or hurt itself. The habitat should be friendly and practical for your iguana, without any dangerous spots. Avoid all sharp items, material such as sand or carpet, because your iguana might start showing digestive or circulation problems.
Iguanas are very sensitive creatures, thus, you need to ensure a safe and comfortable habitat to live in, if you want them to spend a happy and long life with you.